(1869-1954), a French painter, was one
of the most influential artists of the 1900's.
He was the leader of the fauves, a group of painters who started the
first important art movement of the era. Matisse was also noted sculptor,
book illustrator, and tapestry designer.
Matisse's favorite subjects included human figures, still lifes, and
scenes of interiors. He believed that a painting was more important as
an object of art than as a representation of reality. He made no attempt
to create the illusion of realistic forms and space. Instead he used
intense nd lines to produce patterns and a sense of movement. Some
critics believe that Matisse has no equal in the use of color among
artists of the 1900's. His paintings feature unusual color combinations
and elaborate patterns.
Matisse's works, especially those of the 1920's, have a decorative
quality similar to the art the Near and Middle East. Matisse was born in
Le Cateau, near Cambrai. He entered law school in 1887 but began to
paint in 1890 as a pastime while recovering from n operation. In 1891,
Matisse moved to Paris to study art. In the early 1890's he painted with
dark colors. But he showed the influence of the bright colors of the
impressionist in his painting "The Dinner Table" 1897. In 1905, Matisse
and the other fauve painters held an exhibition of their work. The
brilliant colors and bold patterns of these paintings shocked the Paris
at world. One of matisse's fauve paintings "Landscape at Collioure".
From 1907 to about 1920, Matisse painted increasingly solid designs that
reflected the influence of the French artist Paul Cézanne and of the
cubists. Matisse also did his most important work as a sculptor during
this period. In his last years, Matisse created simple and abstract
compositions made of cut paper. From 1948 to 1951, he designed and
decorated the Chapel of the Rosary in Vence, France.
The Matisse's works of
§ "Woman Reading" 1894 oil on canvas Musée National d'Arte Moderne Centre
Georges Pompidou Paris
§ " The Dinner Table" 1897 oil on canvas private collection London
§ " Carmelina" 1903 oil on canvas Museum of Fine Arts Boston
§ " Place des Lices, St. Tropez" 1904 oil on canvas Statens Museum for Kunst
§ " Luxe, Calme, et Volupté" 1904-05 oil on canvas Musée National d'Art
Moderne Centre Georges Pompidou Paris
§ "Portrait of Madame Matisse -Green Stripe" 1905 Statens Museum Fur Kunst
§ " Open Window, Collioure" 1905 oil on canvas private collection New York
§ " Femme au Chapeau -Woman with Hat" 1905 oil on canvas San Francisco
Museum of Modern Art
§ "Harmony in Red -The Red Room" 1908 oil on canvas The Hermitage at St.
§ " Greta Moll" 1908 oil on canvas National Gallery London
§ "The Conversation" 1909 oil on canvas The Hermitage St. Petersburg
§ " Music" 1910 oil on canvas The Hermitage at St. Petersburg
§ "The Goldfish" 1912 oil on canvas Pushkin Museum of Art Moscow
§ " Madame Yvonne Landsberg " 1914 oil on canvas Philadelphia Museum of Art
§ " The Window" 1916 oil on canvas Detroit Institute of Arts