GAUGUIN PAUL                                                                                      Italian version

Paul Gauguin (Paris 1848 - Hiva Oa 1903)

Gauguin Paul, Spirit of the Dead Watching 1892 Oil on burlap mounted on canvas,28 1/2 x 36 3/8 in.(72.4 x 92.4 cm) Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY Gauguin Paul, Contes barbares 1902 Oil on canvas 130 x 89 cm.Museum Folkwang, Essen. Paul Gauguin. Villagio bretone sotto la neve, Breton Village in Snow. 1894. Oil on canvas. Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France Gauguin Paul,  Blue Trees 1888 Oil on canvas 92 x 73 cm (36 1/4 x 28 3/4 in)The Ordrupgaard Collection, Copenhagen. Gauguin Paul, Faaturuma 1891 Oil on canvas 94.6 x 68.6 cm (36 7/8 x 26 3/4 in) The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City. Paul Gauguin.   The Garden in Winter,  rue Carcel, 1883, oil on canvas, private collection.


 Paul Gauguin.   Portrait of Madeline Bernard (The sister of the artist Émile Bernard), 1888, oil on canvas, Musée de Peinture et de Sculpture, Grenoble. Paul Gauguin.   Madame Mette Gauguin in Evening Dress, 1884, oil on canvas, National Gallery, Oslo. Paul Gauguin.   M. Loulou 1890 Oil on canvas 21 5/8 x 18 1/8 in. (55 x 46.2 cm) Barnes Foundation, Merion, PA. Paul Gauguin.   Four Breton Women, 1886, oil on canvas, Neue Pinakothek, Munich. Paul Gauguin.   Fatata te Miti  (Near the Sea), 1892, oil on canvas, National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.


Paul Gauguin (Parigi 1848 - Hiva Oa 1903)Gauguin Paul (1848-1903), was a French painter.  Decorative paintings  He also became noted for his ceramics, scupltures, and woodcuts. In his highly decorative paintings, Gauguin deliberately distorted nature by enclosing broad, flat areas of color with heavy contours. Gauguin style greatly increased the methods by which artists could express themselves. His paintings influenced both the fauves and the German expressionists during the early 1900's. Early life  Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin was born in Paris. He went to sea at the age of 17 as a cadet in the merchant marine but did not pursue a naval career. Instead, he went into banking and became a successfull financier. In 1873, Gauguin married Mette Sophia Gad, the daughter of a Danish minister. They had five children. Soon after his marriage, Gauguin began painting and collecting pictures. In 1883, the banking industry suffered a crash, which Gauguin used as an excuse to abandon his business for painting.  Camille  Gauguin's early paintings resemble the works of the French artist Camille Corot and Camille Pissarro. As Gauguin gained experience, he used brighter, richter colors and emphasized pattern, rather than three dimensional figures and objects. But he could not sell any pictures and had difficulty supporting himself and his family. He quarreled with his wife over money, and they separated in 1885. In 1888, Gauguin moved to Brittany in northwestern France. There, he met the artist Emile Bernard. The two men formulated a philosophy and style of art that became known as synthetism. Synthetism stressed simplified form. intense color, and decorative effects, all of which are reflected in Gauguin's later paintings. Later life  Gauguin admired innocence and directness in people. He thought he could find these qualities in people who were untouched by modern civilization. His search for such people took him to Tahiti, where he lived from 1891 to 1893. He moved back to France in 1893 but returned to the South Seas permanently in 1895. He again settled in Tahiti and avoided the European settlers there. In his paintings, Gauguin idealized the peoples of the South Sea Islands. 


Paul Gauguin. Natura morta con mandolino Still Life with Mandolin  1885. Oil on canvas  Musee d'Orsay, Paris. Paul Gauguin. Merahi metua, Merahi metua no Tehamana (Ancestors of Tehamana). 1893. Oil on canvas. Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. Paul Gauguin, The Meal (The Bananas), 1891, oil on canvas, Musée d'Orsay, Paris. Paul Gauguin  Matamoe  1892 Oil on fine canvas 115 x 86 cm (45 1/4 x 33 7/8 in) Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow. Paul Gauguin Market Day 1892 Oil on canvas 28 3/4 x 36 1/8 in. (73 x 91.5 cm) Kunstmuseum, Basel. Paul Gauguin,Meyer de Haan 1889 Oil on wood 80 x 52 cm (31 1/2 x 20 1/2 in) Private collection, New York.

Paul Gauguin, Vahine no te tiare (Woman with a Flower), 1891, oil on canvas, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen. Paul Gauguin, Nafea faa ipoipo? (When will you Marry?), 1892, oil on canvas, Private collection, Basel. Paul Gauguin, The Artist's Mother 1889, oil on canvas, Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart. Paul Gauguin, Les Miserables 1888 Oil on canvas Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh, Amsterdam. Paul Gauguin, Nevermore, O Tahiti, 1897, Courtauld Institute Galleries, London.


He portrayed them as gentle and passive, moving as if in a dream. He painted the rich tropical settings in brilliant pure colors. Gauguin gave many of his paintings curious titles, such as Where Do We come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? This picture is a good example of Gauguin's colorful and decorative style. Gauguin became seriously ill in the 1890's. He moved to the Marquesas Islands in 1901 and died there in 1903. His last painting seems the final statements of a homesick, desperately ill man. It portrays a landscape of Brittany in winter.



Paul Gauguin, Seascape with Cow on the Edge of a Cliff 1888 Oil on canvas 73 x 60 cm (28 3/4 x 23 5/8 in) Musee des Arts Decoratifs, Paris. Paul Gauguin, Riders on the Beach, 1902, oil on canvas, Museum Folkwang, Essen. Paul Gauguin, Portrait of a Woman with a Still-Life by Cézanne, 1890, oil on canvas, Art Institute of Chicago. Paul Gauguin, Ia Orana Maria (Hail Mary), 1891-92, oil on canvas, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Paul Gauguin, Self-Portrait, 1893-94, oil on canvas, Musée d'Orsay, Paris. Paul Gauguin, Self-Portrait with the Yellow Christ, 1889-90, oil on canvas.

Paul Gauguin, Two Tahitian Women, 1899, oil on canvas, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Paul Gauguin, Study of a Nude (Suzanne Sewing), 1880, Ny Glyptotek, Copenhagen. Paul Gauguin, Still Life with Profile of Laval, 1886, oil on canvas, The Josefowitz Collection. Paul Gauguin, The Yellow Christ, 1889, oil on canvas, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY. Paul Gauguin, Still Life with Fan, 1889, oil on canvas, Musée d'Orsay, Paris. Paul Gauguin, Tahitian Woman with Children, 1901, oil on canvas, The Art Institute of Chicago.


The Gauguin's work of art

§ "The White Horse" 1898 Louvre Paris
§ "Tahitian Women, on the Beach" oil on canvas 1891 Musée d'Orsay Paris
§ "Nave, Nave Moe, Miraculous Source" 1894 Hermitage Museum St. Petersburg
§ "The Yellow Christ" 1889 oil on canvas Albright-Knox Art Gallery Buffalo NY
§ "M.Loulou" 1890 oil on canvas Barnes Foudation Merion 
§ "Les Alyscamps, Arles" 1888 oil on canvas Musée d'Orsay
§ "Still Life with Three Puppies" 1888 oil on canvas The Museum of Modern Art New York
§ "The Swineherd" Brittany 1888 oil on canvas Los Angeles Country Museum of Art
§ "Spirit of the Dead Watching" 1892 oil on burlap mounted on canvas Albright Knox Art Gallery Buffalo NY
§ "Arearea Joyousness" 1892 Musée d'Orsay Paris
§ "Portrait of the Artist with the Idol" c. 1893 oil on canvas McNay Art Institute San Antonio
§ "Self-portrait" c. 1893-94 oil on canvas Musée d'Orsay Paris
§ "Breton peasant women" 1894 oil on canvas Musée d'Orsay, Paris


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Paul Gauguin.   Mahana no atua  (Day of the Gods), 1894, oil on canvas, The Art Institute of Chicago.

Paul Gauguin.   And the Gold of their Bodies,  1901, oil on canvas, Musée d'Orsay, Paris.

Paul Gauguin. Paesane bretoni, Paysanes Paysannes bretonnes  (Breton peasant women) 1894 Oil on canvas 26 x 36 1/4 in. (66 x 92 cm)  Musee d'Orsay, Paris.

Paul Gauguin.   Breton Landscape  (The "Moulin David"), 1894, oil on canvas, Musée d'Orsay, Paris.

Paul Gauguin.   Breton Girls Dancing, Pont-Aven. 1888. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.

Paul Gauguin. Arearea  Arearea (Joyousness) 1892; Musée d'Orsay, Paris.

Paul Gauguin.   No te aha oe riri? (Why are You Angry?), 1896, oil on canvas, Art Institute of Chicago.

Paul Gauguin.   Schuffnecker's Studio (The Schuffnecker Family), 1889, oil on canvas, Musée d'Orsay, Paris.