Giovanni Fattori was born in 1825 in Leghorn and died in 1908 in
He studied with G. Baldini in Leghorn, then with G.
Bezzuoli in Florence from 1846 to 1848. In 1850 he began to frequent the
Michelangelo café where the
“macchiaioli” (Florentine impressionist painters) used to meet, and
he later became their main representative. However, he did not
immediately take part in this new experience and until 1859 he continued
to paint in the traditional style, following romantic tastes
such as, for example, the “Mary Stuart in the field of Crookstone”
(Maria Stuarda al campo di Crookstone)
which now hangs in the Gallery of Modern Art in Florence.
His meeting with N. Costa was a deciding point in his artistic
orientation. Costa advised and encouraged Fattori who presented “Italian
Field” (Campo Italiano) at the contest for the commemoration
of the war of 1859, after the “Battle of Magenta” (Battaglia di
Magenta) in 1862 for the Gallery of Modern Art in Florence, where this was
the first Italian picture of modern history.
Other battlefield compositions followed, as well as portraits and
landscapes, especially of the Maremma in Tuscany.
1880 : “Libecciata” in the Gallery of Modern Art, Florence
1889 : “Ritratto della figliastra” (Portrait of the step-daughter)
in the Gallery of Modern Art, Florence
1890 : “Grande Manovre “ (Manoeuvres) in the Gallery of Modern Art,
Stuarda al campo di Crookstone” (Mary Stuart in the field of Crookstone)
in the Gallery of Modern Art,
1862: “La battaglia di Magenta” (The battle of Magenta) in the Gallery of Modern Art, Florence.
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