Tiziano Vecellio "The Worship of Venus" 1518. Oil on canvas. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain. Tiziano Vecellio "Venus with a Mirror" c.1555. Oil on canvas. The National Gallery of Art, Washington DC, USA. Tiziano Vecellio "Venus and Cupid with an Organist" c. 1548-49 Gemaeldegalerie, Berlin. Tiziano Vecellio "Venus of Urbino" 1538 Oil on canvas 119 x 165 cm, Uffizi, Florence. Tiziano Vecellio "The Tribute Money" 1518. Oil on canvas. Dresden Gallery, Dresden, Germany. Tiziano Vecellio "St. Mark Enthroned with Saints" c.1510. Oil on canvas. Santa Maria della Salute, Venice, Italy. Tiziano Vecellio "Pope Alexander VI Presenting Jacopo Pesaro to Saint Peter" 1502-1512. Oil on canvas. Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp, Belgium. Tiziano Vecellio "La Schiavona" c. 1510, National Gallery, London.
Tiziano Vecellio "Votive Portrait of the Vendramin Family" 1547, National Gallery, London. Tiziano Vecellio "Madonna & Child with the Young St. John the Baptist & St. Catherine" 1530, National Gallery, London. Tiziano Vecellio "Suicide of Lucretia" 1515, oil on canvas, Art History Museum, Vienna. Tiziano Vecellio "Doge Antonio Grimani Kneeling before the Faith" 1575-76, Doges' Palace, Venice. Tiziano Vecellio "Cain and Abel" Santa Maria della Salute, Venice. Tiziano Vecellio "Portrait of a Man" 1508-1510, National Gallery, London. Tiziano Vecellio "Portrait of Ippolito de Medici" 1532-34, Pitti Palace, Florence. Tiziano Vecellio "Laura dei Dianti" c. 1523-25 Private collection. Tiziano Vecellio "Woman in a Fur Coat" c. 1536-38. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

 

Italian version

 

 

Tiziano Vecellio (Titian)
(1490-1576)


Tiziano Vecellio: Tiziano Vecellio, known as TITIAN, is generally regarded as the leading painter of the Venetian school. As noted by Umberto Fortis in The Uffizi: A Guide to the Gallery (Venice: Edizione Storti, 1980, p. 85), "[T]he classicism of the Veneto did not find its fundamental expressive force in the use of line to create its images, but in the development of tonal painting, creating noble forms of a solemn plasticity to attain, with Titian, an ideal of ample, monumental beauty, yet anchored firmly in earthly reality." Born in a small village in the Dolomite range of the Alps near Belluno, Titian removed to Venice where he worked first with the mosaicist Sebastiano Zuccato, then in the studio of Gentile and Giovanni Bellini. Titian was significantly influenced by Giorgione, whom he assisted in executing the external fresco decoration of the Fondaco dei Tedeschi on the Grand Canal in Venice. Upon Giorgione's death, 1510, Titian completed several of Giorgione's works-in-progress. Titian's career escalated rapidly after he received a commission, 1511, to execute three frescoes for the Scuola del Santo in Padua. By 1513 he had begun painting a Battle for the Chamber of the Grand Council [Maggior Consiglio] in the Doge's Palace in Venice. Upon the death of Giovanni Bellini, 1516, Titian became official painter to the Republic. Some of Titian's most acclaimed works of the ensuing ten years were the Assumption for the Church of S. Maria Gloriosa dei Frari (1518) (in which the soaring movement of the Virgin is said to anticipate the later Baroque period), three paintings for Alfonso d'Este in Ferrara (the Worship of Venus, the Bacchanal and Bacchus and Ariadne) (1518-23), an altarpiece in Ancona (1520), a polyptych in Brescia centered on a Resurrection of Christ (1520-2), and the altarpiece for the Pesaro family side altar in the Church of S. Maria Gloriosa dei Frari (1519-26). Later Titian's work became more heavily weighted toward portraiture. Young Giorgio Cornaro was one of his subjects in a 1538 painting. Among other prominent subjects were Pope Paul III (1546) and Charles V (1548), Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. The Emperor appointed Titian court painter and gave him the rank of Count Palatine and Knight of the Golden Spur. In the 1540s Titian's work became more heavily influenced by the Mannerism of central and north Italy. He travelled to Rome in 1545-6 for his only visit there. In 1550 he was in Augsburg to paint portraits of Emperor Charles V's son, who was to become Phillip II of Spain and an important later patron of Titian. A detail from his 1567-8 self-portrait, now at the Prado, Madrid, is shown above. Titian remained active until his death in Venice at about age 91. His last work was a Pieta' (now in the Accademia Museum in Venice) created for his own tomb and completed after his death by Palma il Giovane  

 

 

Tiziano Vecellio "Portrait of Doge Andrea Gritti" 1544-45 Oil on canvas 133.6 x 103.2 cm. National Gallery of Art, Washington.

Tiziano Vecellio "The Annunciation" 1559-1564. Oil on canvas. San Salvatore, Venice, Italy.

Tiziano Vecellio " Penitent Mary Magdalen" 1560s Oil on canvas, 118 x 97 cm The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

Tiziano Vecellio " Rape of Europa" 1559-62 Oil on canvas, 185 x 205 cm Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston

Tiziano Vecellio "Venus and Adonis" 1553-1554. Oil on canvas. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain

 

Tiziano Vecellio "Madonna with saints and members of the Pesaro family" 1519-26 Altar-painting: oil on canvas 478 x 266 cm (188 1/8 x 104 3/4 in.) Church of Sta Maria dei Frari, Venice. Tiziano Vecellio "Gypsy Madonna" c.1512. Oil on wood. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria. Tiziano Vecellio "La vierge et infant avec St. Etienne, Saint Jerome et Saint Maurice" Musèe du Louvre, Paris. Tiziano Vecellio "Madonna with Child and Saints" Pinacoteca, Vatikan, room X. The large altarpiece of Madonna with Child and Saints was painted between 1533 and 1535 for the church of S. Niccolò della Lattuga in Campo dei Frari at the Lido of Venice, better known as St Niccolò dei Frari. Tiziano Vecellio "Holy Family and Donor" 1513-14, canvas, Pinakothek at Munich. Tiziano Vecellio "Bacchus and Ariadne" 1523-24 Oil on canvas 175 x 190 cm, National Gallery, London. Tiziano Vecellio "Bacchanal of the Andrians" 1523-25, Museo del Prado, Madrid. Tiziano Vecellio, Giorgione "Pastoral Scene" (Fete Champetre) 1508 Oil on canvas 105 x 136 cm, Musee du Louvre, Paris.
Tiziano Vecellio "Pardo Venus" (Jupiter and Antiope). 1535-1540, reworked c.1560. Oil on canvas. The Louvre, Paris, France. Tiziano Vecellio "Christ Crowned with Thorns" 1540. Oil on canvas. The Louvre, Paris, France. Tiziano Vecellio "St. John the Baptist" c.1540. Oil on canvas. Gallerie dell' Accademia, Venice, Italy. Tiziano Vecellio "Assumption of the Virgin" (Assunta). 1516-1518. Oil on wood. Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice, Italy. Tiziano Vecellio "Sacred and Profane Love" 1514 118 x 279 cm, Borghese Gallery, Rome. Tiziano Vecellio "Noli Me Tangere" 1511-12 Oil on canvas 101 x 91 cm National Gallery, London. Tiziano Vecellio "The Three Ages of Man" 1513-14 Oil on canvas 90 x 151 cm, National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh.

 

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