Francesco Messina 

         

 Francesco Messina was born in Linguaglossa (Catania) on December 15th 1900. His parents were Sicilian, and very poor. He grew up and studied in Genoa, where he continued to live until he was thirty-five.  He completed his studies visiting the most important museums of Europe. In 1932 he went to live in Milan.

 

Professor

 In 1934 he won a national contest for  the professorship of sculpture at the Brera Academy in Milan, and in 1936 was nominated director. In 1947 he regained the professorship of sculpture at the Brera Academy after being sent away under the accusation of having been director there during the Fascist regime.

 

Important Exhibitions

 From 1926 – 1929 he participated at the exhibitions of the artistic group “Il Novecento Italiano” (The Italian Twentieth Century) in Milan, and from 1930-1940 at the most important collective exhibitions of Italian art both at home and abroad: Bern, Zurich, Gothenburg , Oslo, Munich, Paris, Barcelona, Berlin, San Paolo in Brazil. In 1947 he exhibited at a big sculpture and graphics exhibition in Buenos Aires at the Muller Gallery, where he received the acclamation of both critics and the public.

 In 1949 he exhibited at the “3rd Sculpture International”  organised by the Fairmount Park Association of Philadelphia (USA), where such masters as Arp, Brancusi Epstein, Giacometti Laurens, Marino Marini and Picasso were also represented.

 In 1956 he organised a personal exhibition at the Venice Biennial XXVIII Exhibition.

 From 1965 to 1975 he took part at the Italian Bronzes Travelling Exhibition, organised by Fortunato Bellonzi, the secretary of the National Independent Body for the Exhibition of Art, which visited eighteen countries.

 In 1978 two important sculpture and graphics exhibitions were held at the Puskin Museum, Moscow and the Ermitage in St. Petersburg. After these exhibitions the two museums dedicated permanent rooms to the forty sculptures and forty graphics among the most representative of the artist, that the maestro donated to these museums.

 In 1981 an exhibition of drawings never exhibited before  was held in the desecrated fourteenth century church of S. Francesco in Pordenone and another of pastels at the Civic Museum in the same town.

 At the same time he exhibited over fifty sculptures in the sixteenth century Palazzo Flangini-Bilia in Sacile (Udine) .

 During the summer of 1984 two exhibitions were held in Vienna, one for sculpture, the other for graphics, The former at the Thesus tempel (Kunsthistorische Museum), the latter at the Graphische Sammling Albertina.

 In 1985 he participated with ten works at the collective “Representation Abroad” exhibition at the Hirsham Museum in Washington.

 In the spring of 1986 he exhibited forty sculptures at the Universe Gallery in Tokyo, in the summer it was transferred to the Hakone Museum.

 

"Angel with small bird" 1965

"Lady Macbeth" 1988-1991

"Giobbe" 1934

"Ratto di Proserpina" 1949

Anthological exhibitions

 In the spring of 1976 an important anthological exhibition of sculpture and graphics was held in Villa Malpensata, Lugano, for the international arts and culture exhibition.

 In December, the desecrated church of San Sisto al Carrobbio in Milan, which he had restored and in which he had arranged about eighty of his most significant works, became, under the patronage of the Milan Council, the town’s Francesco Messina Studio-Museum. 

I n June 1983 an anthological exhibition of his sculptures was inaugurated at the Maison de l’UNESCO in Paris.

 In the summer of 1987 an important anthological exhibition of sculpture and graphics  was organised in the Palazzo Ricci Renaissance building in Macerata. In this way the artist commemorated the 150th anniversary of the death of Giacomo Leopardi.

 

Masterpieces

 

 In 1935 he executed the monument dedicated to Christopher Columbus for the town of Chiavari, and in 1937 the equestrian monument  named “Regisole o Raggasole” in memory of a Roman monument of the Emperor Antonius Pius which had been destroyed by the French soldiers in 1796.

 In 1938 the “Minerva armata” monument dedicated to the university town of Pavia.

 During the period from 1950 to 1960 he modelled important statues and monumental groups for the Milan Monumental Cemetery and for the church of Sant’Eugenio in Rome and the Citadella Cristiana (Christian Citadel) of Assisi. In 1958 he made a bust of Giacomo Puccini for the Scala Opera House in Milan.

 From 1961-62, at Pietrasanta (Lucca),  he sculptured a large marble monument  dedicated to St. Catherine, patron saint of Italy  which was placed on the battlements of Castel Sant’Angelo in Rome.

 In 1963 he prepared the monument of Pius XII for St. Peters Basilica in Rome  and a bust of Pietro Mascagni for the Scala Opera House.

 In 1966 he modelled the “Cavallo morente” (Dying horse) statue for the Palazzo RAI (Italian Broadcasting Company) in Rome.

 1961 – the monument dedicated to Pius XI for Milan Cathedral.

 From 1968 to 1971 he modelled a monumental “Via Crucis” (Way of the Cross), sculptured a huge “Madonna with child” in Carrara marble for the town of San Giovanni Rotondo sul Gargano in Puglia.

 In 1974 he painted a portrait of Ranieri III, prince of Monaco.

 In 1980 he modelled a statue of the “Resurrection of Christ”, six metres high as a conclusion for the Way of the Cross of San Giovanni Rotondo.

 

 

 

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