CEZANNE PAUL                                                                                       Italian version


Paul Cezanne (Aix en Provence 1839-1906)

     
Paul Cezanne, Montagne in Provenza (Mountains in Provence) 1886-90; Oil on canvas, 63.5 x 79.4 cm (25 x 31 3/8"); National Gallery, London. Paul Cezanne,  "Giocatori di carte" The Card Players 1890-1892 Oil on canvas 17 3/4 x 22 1/2 in The Louvre, Paris. Paul Cezanne,  Case e alberi (vicino ad Auvers) 1890-94 olio su tela  (65.2 x 81 cm) House and Trees (Maison et arbres) 1890-1894 Oil on canvas 25 5/8 x 31 7/8 in. (65.2 x 81 cm) The Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania. Paul Cezanne,  Bagnanti, 1890-91  olio su tela  (54.2 x 66.5 cm) Bathers  c. 1890-91 The Hermitage, St. Petersburg Formerly collection Otto Krebs, Holzdorf.

         

 Paul Cezanne, Etude: Paysage a Auvers. Study: Landscape at Auvers c. 1873 Oil on canvas 46.3 x 55.2 cm (18 1/4 x 21 3/4") Philadelphia Museum of Art. Paul Cezanne, Le Château Noir, 1900-04, National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. Paul Cezanne, Boy in a Red Waistcoat, 1890-95, oil on canvas, Stiftung Sammlung E.G. Bührle, Zurich. Paul Cezanne, View of Auvers-sur-Oise (The Fence), 1873, oil on canvas, private collection. Paul Cezanne, Vessels, Basket and Fruit (The Kitchen Table), 1888-90, oil on canvas, Musée d'Orsay, Paris.

 
 

Paul Cèzanne:  (1839-1906)Paul Cèzanne:  (1839-1906), was a French painter who created a style of composition that changed the course of art. Cubism Cèzanne paintings led to the development of cubism and much abstract art. During the 500 years before Cézanne, most artists believed that a painting should show the world realistically. They therefore tried to create the illusions of atmosphere, light, mass, space, and texture as these elements appear in nature. But Cézanne felt that a painting should reflect the artist's sensations or impressions, which are translated into pictorial form through brushstrokes, color, and line. His paintings. In his paintings, Cézanne made no attempt to tell a story or express a point of view. He even avoided the suggestion of mood or atmosphere. Cézanne deliberately distorted the natural appearance of his subject matter in an effort to create a more forceful, exciting composition. However, Cézanne never totally rejected recognizable subjects matter. His paintings, particularly his last works, seem midway between realistic representation of nature and abstraction. The Mont Sainte-Victoire shows the feeling for depth and the attention to form that appear in Cezanne's landscapes. His life Cézanne was born in Aix-en-Provence and lived there most of his life. His father was a banker and wanted him to become a lawyer. But Cézanne was determinated to become a painter. He had some art training, but was basically self-taught. His first works were dark and crudely drawn. They dealt largely with sexual themes based on Italian paintings of the 1500's and the works of the French artist Eugène Delacroix. About 1872, Cézanne fell under the influence of the French impressionist painters, particularly Camille Pissarro. Cézanne's House of the Hanged Man (1873) is characteristic of his rather solemn approach to the light-hearted, spontaneous impressionist style.

 

Paul Cezanne, Cherries and Peaches, 1883-87, oil on canvas, Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Paul Cezanne, Girl at the Piano (Ouverture to Tannhäuser), 1868-69, oil on canvas, The Hermitage, St. Petersburg. Paul Cezanne, The House of Dr. Gachet in Auvers, 1873, oil on canvas, Musée d'Orsay, Paris. Paul Cezanne, The House of Père Lacroix in Auvers, 1873, oil on canvas, National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. Paul Cezanne, Mardi Gras, 1888, oil on canvas, Stiftung Sammlung E.G. Bührle, Zurich.

 

Paul Cezanne, Montagne Sainte-Victoire, 1890-94, oil on canvas, National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh. Paul Cezanne, A Modern Olympia, 1869-70, oil on canvas, private collection. Paul Cezanne, Afternoon in Naples (Rum Punch), 1872-75, oil on canvas, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra.

 

The exhibitions Cézanne mastered his art from the 1880's to about 1900. He painted most of his best-known pictures during this period. They include views of Mont Sainte Victoire and of the bay of l'Estaque in Provence, many outstanding portraits and still lifes, pictures of bathers. Cézanne work attracted little attention during his life. His work receive much criticism from other artists, critics, and the public, and he became a rather solitary person. A year after Cezanne's death, a large exhibition of his paintings was held in Paris. The exhibition had great impact on many leading painters of the 1900's, including Georges Braque, Fernand Léger, Henry Matisse, and Pablo Picasso.

 

Paul Cezanne, Still Life, 1890-94, oil on canvas, private collection. Paul Cezanne, Still Life with Drapery, 1899, oil on canvas, The Hermitage, St. Petersburg. Paul Cezanne, Self-Portrait on a Rose Background, 1875-77, oil on canvas, Galerie Beyeler, Basle. Paul Cezanne, Onions and Bottle, 1895-1900, oil on canvas, Musée d'Orsay, Paris. Paul Cezanne, The Artist's Father, 1866, National Gallery of Art at Washington D.C.

Paul Cezanne, Portrait of Gustave Geffroy, 1895; Oil on canvas, 45 5/8 x 35 in; Collection Mr. and Mrs. Rene Lecomte, Paris. Paul Cezanne, Le paysan (Peasant) c. 1891; Oil on canvas, 56 x 46 cm (22 x 18 1/8"); Private collection. Paul Cezanne, Seated Peasant, 1895-1900; Oil on canvas, 21 1/2 x 17 3/4 in; Philadelphia Museum of Art. Paul Cezanne, Portrait of Ambroise Vollard 1899; Oil on canvas, 100.3 x 81.3 cm (39 1/2 x 32 in); Musee du Petit Palais, Paris. Paul Cezanne, Woman Seated in Blue 1900-02; Oil on canvas, 88.5 x 72 cm (34 3/4 x 28 3/8"); State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg; Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow. Paul Cezanne, Woman in a Red-Striped Dress 1892-96; Oil on canvas, 93.2 x 73 cm (36 3/4 x 28 3/4 in); The Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania. Paul Cezanne, Hortense Fiquet in a Striped Skirt 1877-78; Oil on canvas, 72.5 x 56 cm (28 1/2 x 22"); Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
 

The Cézanne's works of art
§ "Mont Sainte-Victoire" 1929 The metropolitan Museum of Art New York City, The H. O. Havemeyer Collection
§ "Portrait of the Artist's Father" c. 1866 oil on canvas National Gallery of Art Washington
§ "The Clock-maker" 1900
§ "The Abduction" 1867 oil on canvas Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge

§ "A Modern Olympia" c. 1873-74 oil on canvas Musée d'Orsay Paris

§ "Hortense Fiquet in a Striped Skirt" 1877-78 oil on canvas Museum of Fine Arts Boston
§ "The peasant" c. 1891 oil on canvas Private collection
§ "Boy in a Red Vest" 1888-90 oil on canvas The Barnes Foundation Merion Pennsylvania
§ "Woman in a Red-Striped dress" 1892-96 oil on canvas The Barnes Foundation Merion Pennsylvania

§ "Compotier, Pitcher, and Fruit (nature morte)
1892-94 oil on canvas The Barnes Foundation Merion Pennsylvania

§ "Study: Landscape at Auvers" c. 1873 oil on canvas Philadelphia Museum of Art
§ "The pool" c. 1876 oil on canvas The Hermitage St. Petersburg Formerly collection Otto Krebs Holzdorf

§ "Bathers" c. 1890-91 oil on canvas The Hermitage, St. Petersburg Formerly collection Otto Krebs Holzdorf

 

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 Paul Cezanne, Maisons au bord d'une route c. 1881; "Houses Along a Road"; Oil on canvas, 60 x 73.5 cm (23 5/8 x 28 7/8 in); The Hermitage, St. Petersburg; Formerly collection Otto Krebs, Holzdorf.

Paul Cezanne, Maison et ferme du Jas de Bouffan (House and Farm at Jas de Bouffan) 1889-90; Oil on canvas, 60.5 x 73.5 cm (23 3/4 x 29"); Narodni Galerie, Prague.

Paul Cezanne, Gardanne 1885-86; Oil on canvas, 65 x 100 cm (25 5/8 x 39 3/8 in); The Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania.

Paul Cezanne, Abduction - 1867 - oil on canvas, 35 1/4 x 45 1/289.5 x 115.5 cm) - Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge.

Paul Cezanne, Well: Millstone and Cistern Under Trees (Meule et citerne sous bois) 1892; Oil on canvas, 65 x 81 cm (25 5/8 x 31 7/8 in); The Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania.

Paul Cezanne, Le Cabanon de Jourdan 1906; Oil on canvas, 65 x 81 cm (25 5/8 x 31 7/8 in); Collection Riccardo Jucker, Milan.

Paul Cezanne, Le lac d'Annecy (Lake Annecy) 1896; Oil on Canvas, 64.2 x 79.1 cm (25 1/4 x 31 1/8 in) Courtauld Institute Galleries, London.

Paul Cezanne, Bords d'une rivière (Riverbanks) 1904-05; Oil on canvas, 65 x 81 cm (25 1/4 x 31 7/8 in); Private collection, Switzerland.