in Berlin, July 21st 1918, died in Fiesole, September 26th
Of Spanish parentage, he started his education in Madrid, then continued
at the School of Fine Arts in Geneva and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in
Paris, under the tuition of Bianchet and then Guerain.
In 1939 he came to Italy with his brother Xavier and settled in Florence.
He passed through various stages as a young artist : in 1947-48 he was
part of the realist group, then passed over to abstract painting,
experimenting from 1949 to 1953 in the environment of the avant-garde
magazine Numero he became an advocate of neo-figurative painting with a
tendency to recover some components of the Italian metaphysical school.
Exhibitions and personal exhibitions
1952: his first personal exhibition at the Bussola in Turin, which was
followed by others.
1953: at the Numero Gallery in Florence, the Cavallino in Venice and the
Barbaroux in Milan.
1954: at the Vigna Nuovo in Florence.
In 1956 he exhibited at the Venice Biennial Exhibition and the year
after made a long tour studying in the United States. Personal
exhibitions were held in New York and Los Angeles.
1968: personal exhibition at the Venice Biennial, which was followed by
insistent invitations to exhibit at the Rome Quadrennial Exhibition, the
Morzotto Award, the Fiorino Award.
He also presented his works at the Young Italian Painters Exhibition,
the Espana Libre, the festival des Arts Plastiques in Sopot, the Italian
festival in San Francisco and the “Atti impuri” Exhibition of the 70
group in Peking.
In 1962 he signed the first manifesto of New Figuration, and in 1963 was
present in Florence at Palazzo Strozzi where this tendency was exhibited.
He took part in Palermo and Reggio Emilia in the Group 63 meetings and
was among the founders of the Florentine 1970 group.
Techniques and subjects
His works are part of the well known and easily recognised artistic
cycles – cycle of the realistic artists depicting subjects with an
almost hyper-realistic technique; the metaphysical style, commonly known
as “the clay pipe style” of the ‘fifties and that of the “puppets” of
the 70 group.
The primitive Italians, Flemish, and primitive Spanish were his
inspiration and artistic focus.